Mural of Saint Mercurius in Ohrid,
Macedonia, c.1295AD.

The church of St. Clement and St. Panteleimon in Ohrid



Picture source

Plate C1
Referenced for plate C1: Byzantine soldier, c. 1295 in Byzantine Armies AD 1118-1461 by Ian Heath & Angus McBride
The type of armour worn by this soldier from Byzantine Macedonia (based largely on a church mural in Ohrid) flourished in Byzantium and neighbouring Serbia during the period 1280-1330, and perhaps until c. 1350. It typically comprised a mail-lined 'waistcoat' worn over a leather corselet and, under that, scale or lamellar body-armour and a separate, rigid collar of vertical laminae. Sabres and sabre-hilted swords began to make an appearance amongst Byzantines and Serbs alike at about this time.



In Saint Clement of Ohrid, Saint Mercurius brandishes his sword, which proudly bears the name of the master Eutychios Astrapas. Qantara




See also Fresco of the Centurion at the Crucifixion, Katholikon at the monastery of Panagia Mavriotissa, Kastoria, Greece, c.1260AD
Other Byzantine Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers
Other 13th Century Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers