Illustration from

Nihayat al-su'l, 1371

a manual of horsemanship and military practice.


A larger image of the horseman attacking a bear with his lance in the Nihayat al-su'l

folio 113. A horseman attacking a bear with his lance. He also carries a mace at his right knee.
The text mentions that this lance is particularly useful for dealing with wild animals.

Executed under the Mamelukes, in Syria or Egypt. Source: British Library, Add. 18866.


Referenced as Figure 6. in Sultans with Horns: The Political Significance of Headgear in the Mamluk Empire by Albrecht Fuess
Mamluk wearing the kallawtah hunting a wild animal (furūsīyah manuscript, British Library MS Or. Add. 18866).

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