Tympanum with a Horse and Rider
Second half of the 14th century
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Caucasus, probably Kubatchi, Dagestan
Medium: Stone; carved, with traces of paint
Dimensions: H. 28 3/4 (73 cm) W. 51 in. (129.5 cm) D. 4 in. (10.2 cm) Wt. with pallet: 457 lbs. (207.3 kg) minus about 20 lbs for pallet.
See also Tympanum with a Horse Rider & an Infantryman with Standard, 14th-15th century, Kubatchi, Dagestan, Caucasus
This tympanum once adorned the facade of the so-called House of Ahmad and Ibrahim located in the town of Kubatchi in the Caucasus.
The vegetal decoration surrounding the central figure has been compared to fourteenth- and fifteenth-century stone carvings found in the city.
The date is further supported by the dress of the lively rider.
His costume incorporates a curvilinear "cloud collar" around its neckline, which was introduced to Iran by the Mongols and became fashionable in the fifteenth century.
Referenced as Illustration 249, p260 in Tamara Talbot Rice, Ancient Arts of Central Asia, 1965
249 Sculptured relief from above a window of a mosque in Kubachi. It shows the intense love of horses and riding shared by the people of western Turkestan and the Caucasus. Eleventh century
Stone relief: horseman. Upper portion of a window from a mosque at Kubachi, eleventh century. State Hermitage Museum, Leningrad
Referenced as figure 419 in The military technology of classical Islam by D Nicolle
419. Relief, 11th-12th centuries AD, Dāghistānī, Metropolitan Museum, New York (Iv, Bask).
Other Illustrations of Ilkhanid Mongols and Successors in 14th Century Persia and surrounds
Caucasian Albania in: Tamara Talbot Rice, Ancient Arts of Central Asia, 1965