An extract from Armies of the Middle Ages, Volume 2
by Ian Heath


This figure, from the grave effigy of Fra Bernat de Foixa (d.1382), depicts characteristic if somewhat incomplete 14th century Western European armour, which is fully described in volume 1. It is unusual for the forearms to be unarmoured by nothing more than mail by this late date, but it is interesting to see that the earlier prohibition of mail mittens with separate fingers had by this time been relaxed. His jupon is red with a white cross (as would have been his shield), the battle-dress of brethren of the Order, while the cloak round his shoulders would have been black, again with a white cross (see 45); the cloak would not have been worn in action. For the probable appearance of a Hospitaller man-at-arms at the very beginning of this period see figure 26 in Armies and Enemies of the Crusades.
[Based on Relleu sepulcral de Bernat Guillem de Foixą (segle XIV), procedent del castell de Foixą (Baix Empordą)]

Other extracts by Ian Heath:
44. Knight Hospitaller, 1480
45. Knight Hospitaller In Habit, 15th century
46. Fra John Longstrother, 1471
47. Rhodian Greek Militiaman, 14th-15th centuries
48. Flags Of The Knights Of Rhodes
Renaissance Armies: Military Orders by George Gush
Illustrations from Obsidionis Rhodie Urbis Descriptio by William Caoursin, Ulm1496 edition